ovarian cancer in young females

Rising Risk: Ovarian Cancer In Young Females In 2024

2 out of every 100 women in this world may develop the risk of ovarian cancer after they reach 50 years of age. This age is commonly known as Post-Menopausal age.

A new study has found the rising risk of ovarian cancer in young females between the age of 20 – 35. The study represents that the risk of uterine cancer has surge up to 5% from the last 6 years.

This means that, now we may see more cases of uterine cancer among young women than before. 

Ovarian Cancer is often considered as serious, and a silent disease that affects thousands of women all over the world. It is very necessary to understand the cause, symptoms and strategies for early diagnosis and treatment.

ovarian cancer in young females

A healthy adult female has a pair of Ovaries in her reproductive system. These ovaries contain eggs and it produce primary female hormone called Estrogen.

Generally, this cancer may affect one or both of the ovaries. It occurs when there is increased amount of abnormal cell, that multiply and grow at uncontrollable rate, forming Tumors.

These tumors if left undetected and untreated may spread all over the female reproductive system, may lead to potential early death.

Why is Ovarian Cancer so deadly

Why is Ovarian Cancer so deadly?

As disease is very difficult to catch, it has the tendency to go undetected until it reaches an advance stage.

In most cases early sign and symptoms are ignored and this cause delayed diagnosis. Poor knowledge of these disease may cause the patient to suffer more at advance stage of cancer and may lead to death.

How do you detect Ovarian Cancer In Young Females?

Signs of uterine cancer are very hard to detect and are very silent in nature, as the symptoms can be subtle and easily overlooked. Anyway, these symptoms are very common than you think.

  • Frequent urination
  • Changes in menstrual cycle
  • Bloating or feeling of fullness
  • Loss of appetite or feeling full quickly
  • Unexplained weight loss or gain
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Back pain or leg pain
  • Changes in the appearance or size of the abdomen
  • Persistent fatigue or low energy levels
  • Abdominal or pelvic pain

5 Major Causes Of Ovarian Cancer In Young Females

1. Genetics and Family History:

  • This is the strongest risk factor. Having a close relative (mother, sister, grandmother, aunt) with ovarian, breast, endometrial, or colorectal cancer significantly increases your risk.
  • Inherited genetic mutations like BRCA1 and BRAC2 are known to heighten ovarian cancer risk. These genes play a role in DNA repair, and mutations can hinder that process, increasing the likelihood of abnormal cell growth leading to cancer.
  • If you have a family history of these cancers, especially at a young age, talk to your doctor about genetic counseling. This can help assess your individual risk and guide potential preventive measures.

2. Age:

  • Age is a complex factor. While ovarian cancer is more prevalent in older women, young women can still develop it.
  • The reasons for this aren’t entirely clear, but some theories suggest hormonal fluctuations during a woman’s reproductive years might play a role.
  • The key takeaway: Age shouldn’t be a reason to ignore potential symptoms. Early detection is crucial for successful treatment, regardless of age.

3. Obesity:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for overall health, and research suggests obesity might be a risk factor for ovarian cancer.
  • The exact reasons are still under investigation, but theories suggest excess fat tissue might contribute to hormonal imbalances or create an inflammatory environment that could promote abnormal cell growth.
  • If you’re concerned about your weight, talk to your doctor about developing a healthy weight management plan.

4. Endometriosis:

  • This condition occurs when the tissue that normally lines the uterus (endometrium) grows outside of it, often on the ovaries or fallopian tubes.
  • While not a direct cause of ovarian cancer, endometriosis creates an environment where cells are constantly dividing and changing. This slightly increases the risk of abnormal cell growth leading to cancer.
  • If you have endometriosis, it’s important to be monitored by your doctor, but it doesn’t mean you’ll definitely develop ovarian cancer.

5. Late Pregnancy Planning:

  • Pregnancy seems to have a protective effect against ovarian cancer. The exact reasons are unknown, but theories suggest hormonal changes during pregnancy might play a role.
  • This doesn’t mean you necessarily need to have children to lower your risk. However, if you’re considering delaying pregnancy, discuss it with your doctor, especially if you have other risk factors. They can help you weigh the potential risks and benefits.

What to do at first sign of ovarian cancer?

If you’re a young woman experiencing symptoms that might be ovarian cancer, the most important thing is to address them with your doctor as soon as possible. Early detection is crucial for successful treatment in any type of cancer. Here’s what you can do:

  1. Schedule an appointment with your doctor. Don’t hesitate to express your concerns about the possibility of ovarian cancer. Be prepared to discuss your symptoms in detail, including:
    • When they started
    • How often they occur
    • Their severity
    • Any other relevant information (changes in your menstrual cycle, weight fluctuations, etc.)
  2. Be prepared for an examination. Your doctor may perform a pelvic exam to feel for any abnormalities in your ovaries or surrounding tissues. They might also recommend additional tests like:
    • Imaging tests:  Ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI to get a clearer picture of your pelvic organs.
    • Blood tests: To check for tumor markers that can sometimes be elevated in ovarian cancer.

It’s important to remember:

  • These symptoms can be caused by other conditions besides ovarian cancer.
  • Your doctor will likely explore all possibilities before reaching a diagnosis.
  • Early detection is key. The sooner you get checked, the better the chance of a successful outcome if it is ovarian cancer.

Is Ovarian Cancer curable?

Ovarian Cancer has always remained a challenging disease for those affected.

The good news is that ovarian cancer, especially when detected early, has a high cure rate. Treatment options depend on the stage and type of cancer.

Treatment Options For Ovarian Cancer?

Treatment for ovarian cancer usually involves a combination of surgery and chemotherapy.

  • Surgery: This is the most common treatment, often involving removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes. In some cases, the uterus or lymph nodes may also be removed.
  • Chemotherapy: Using special medicines to shrink or kill the cancer. The drugs can be pills you take or medicines given in your veins, or sometimes both.
  • Radiation Therapy: High-energy rays target and destroy cancer cells.

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